Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and İsmet İnönü, 1922 . His brand of Turkish nationalism was very different from the pan-Turkic ideals of Enver Pasha.

The Allies were alarmed by the growing strength of the Turkish nationalists in early 1920. The Birth of the Republic of Turkey, 1920-23. The Ottoman Empire started as a series of Turkish tribes, most of whom were waging war against the expansive Byzantine Empire in the Anatolian Peninsula. The phrase "the Fall of Rome" suggests that some cataclysmic event ended the Roman Empire, which stretched from the British Isles to Egypt and Iraq.But in the end, there was no straining at the gates, no barbarian horde that dispatched the Roman Empire in one fell swoop. The Ottoman Empire was a Muslim state that existed in various forms between 1299-1923.



Despite its collapse, the Ottoman Empire was one of the largest, longest-lasting, and most successful empires in the world's history. Ottomans never experienced this.

The Ottoman Empire Page 10 – Birth of the Turkish Republic. Anyways, population growth boom was achieved during the Republican era. .The fall of the Ottoman Empire was brought about by choosing to fight with Germanyagainst the british empire in 1914,They lost so Britain broke up the Ottoman Empire in 1918. Historians aren’t in … The Ottoman state's army was limited to 50,000 men and its navy to a dozen coastal patrol boats; it could have no air force at all.

Anatolia and Thrace alone have more than 80 million people now.

It was at this point that Mustafa Kemal – better known as Kemal Atatürk – emerged as a leading figure. The Ottoman Empire began at the very end of the 13th century with a series of raids from Turkic warriors (known as ghazis) led by Osman I, a prince whose father, Ertugrul, had established a power base in Söğüt (near Bursa, Turkey).Osman and his warriors took advantage of a declining Seljuq dynasty, which had been severely weakened by the Mongol invasions.
An important factor in the decline was the increasing lack of ability and power of the sultans themselves.

There are many reasons as to why the empire was as successful as it was, but some of them include its very strong and organized military and its centralized political structure. Both World Wars , the Holocaust, the rise and reign of Soviet Communism in Russia, the Arab-Israeli wars , the various Iraq wars and the terrorism that shook the world on September 11, 2001 are all related. It’s location put it at a crossroads where it can trade for a lot of resources.

The Ottoman Empire began in the late 1200s during the breakup of the Seljuk Turk Empire. From Ottoman empire’s remains arose the modern nation of Turkey. It was too big and technologically behind. What caused the once awe-inspiring Ottoman Empire collapse? At the beginning the OE was actually kind of advanced specializing in gunpowder better than other empires.

In the Ottoman Empire, they had around 10 million people.

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