Equal protection forces a state to govern impartially—not draw distinctions between individuals solely on differences that are irrelevant to a legitimate governmental objective. Before the passing of the reconstruction amendments, which included the Equal Protection Clause, there were various legal challenges for the rights of African American people in America. Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex. Section 2. During the 1970s, the ERA was passed by Congress and sent to the states for ratification, but ultimately fell three states short of becoming part of the Constitution. New Mexico Constitution, Article II, §18 (1973) Oregon - Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the state of Oregon or by any political subdivision in this state on account of sex.

The most commonly used -- and frequently litigated -- phrase in the amendment is "equal protection of the laws", which figures prominently in a wide variety of landmark cases, including Brown v. Board of Education (racial discrimination), Roe v. Wade (reproductive rights), Bush v. The Equal Rights Amendment, in its most recently proposed form, reads, “Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State on account of sex.” Equality of rights under law shall not be denied on account of the sex of any person. It deems that we are all equal under the law, meaning we are all equal under the Constitution and should govern ourselves accordingly. “Equal Justice Under Law” These are the words emblazoned on the front of the United States Supreme Court building . The Fourteenth Amendment's Equal Protection Clause requires states to practice equal protection. The Equal Rights Amendment is a constitutional amendment that will guarantee legal gender equality for women and men. Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex. It gave states seven years to ratify it, later extending the deadline to 1982. In the wake of the Civil War, three amendments were added to the U.S. Constitution. Congress sent the amendment, which guarantees men and women equal rights under the law, to the states in 1972. Equal Rights Amendment (ERA), a proposed but unratified amendment to the U.S. Constitution that was designed mainly to invalidate many state and federal laws that discriminate against women; its central underlying principle was that sex should not determine the legal rights of men or women. Equality under the law has been enshrined in America since the Declaration of Independence, this did not mean that equality was a part of daily life or legal practices. In the case of disability, employers and service providers are under a duty to make reasonable adjustments to their workplaces to overcome barriers experienced by disabled people.
It was introduced in 1923.
Oregon Constitution, Article I, §46 (2014) This website is dedicated to educating and inspiring citizens to ratify the ERA, which was written by equal rights activist Alice Paul in 1923. Overview. 2.

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