Surviving stands of forest have also been degraded by suppression of fire or by logging. Download Citation | Drymarchon couperi Diet | Eastern Indigo Snake (Drymarchon couperi) predation of exotic Walking Catfish (Clarias batrachus) observation in southwest Florida. The Eastern indigo snake is a non-venomous, bluish-black colored snake that can reach lengths of eight feet (2.4 meters). Go Back to Florida's Snakes - All Regions The Best Place to see an Eastern Indigo Snake Is the Everglades . In recent decades, agricultural and residential development have deforested millions of acres. On average, an eastern indigo snake measures just under seven and a half feet. In the northern parts of the range (i.e., southern Georgia and northern Florida, including the Panhandle region) Eastern Indigo Snakes rely on Gopher Tortoise ( Gopherus polyphemus) burrows for cool-season dens, and are restricted to sandy, Longleaf Pine habitats. Eastern indigo snakes are one of more than 200 species that inhabit tortoise burrows.
Diet: Frogs, lizards, snakes (including venomous species), small turtles and turtle eggs, birds, rats.
Map by Monica E. McGarrity - may be used freely for education. Factors affecting the accuracy and precision of triangulated radio telemetry location of eastern indigo snakes (Drymarchon couperi). The Eastern Indigo Snake is a large nonpoisonous, stout bodied snake averaging six to seven feet in length. Herpetological Review 45 (4): 590-597 - get paper here Asked in Reptiles , Snakes , Colors The longest ever recorded was 9.2 feet. The glossy, blue-black coloration is unique to this species. Its chin, cheek, and throat are mostly red or brown, but can also be white or black. If conservationists work to recover the population of gopher tortoises, which are currently considered vulnerable by the International Union for Conservation of Nature, there would likely be a similarly healthy population of eastern indigo snakes in that area. Robust and alert, the Eastern Indigo Snake averages 5-6 feet in length, with a record of 8 feet, 5 inches. Eastern brown snakes primarily feed on frogs, bird … Drymarchon couperi (eastern indigo snake) juvenile observations. 2014. It is thought to move extremely fast and is highly aggressive. The largest individual recorded was eight-and-a-half-feet. The longest ever recorded was 9.2 feet. Eastern Indigo Snake The species, being the longest native snake of the United States of America, has the ability to digest the venom of rattlesnakes. Most indigo snakes have smooth scales, although adults do have keels (ridges) on the front of some of their scales (Florida Natural Areas Inventory 2001).
The Indigo Snake is smooth scaled and uniform glossy blue-black throughout its body except for some reddish orange or cream color suffusion on its throat, cheeks and chin. Feeding Ecology & Diet. Eastern Indigo - Endangered Species Status: Threatened . The Eastern Indigo Snake is among the longest of all North American snakes; in the USA, only the Bullsnake, Pituophis catenifer sayi, regularly rivals it in size.
The decline of the eastern indigo snake mirrors the loss of mature long-leaf and pine forests in the South of the US. Herpetological Review 43: 343 ; Bauder, Javan M. and Patrick Barnhart. The indigo snake has a diet of lizards, tortoises, mammals, frogs, birds, and other venomous snakes. Eastern brown snake will remain active during the day. The eastern indigo snake overpowers its often larger prey with muscular jaws, consuming them head first. When provoked, they will raise their heads but may avoid confrontation if possible.