In August, a special train carried another 2,000 to central Mexico. During the Great Depression, President Hoover enacted a “American jobs for real Americans” program and swiftly deported as many as 1.8 million Mexicans and Mexican Americans. In February 1930, in San Antonio, Texas, 5,000 Mexicans and Mexican Americans gathered at the city’s railroad station to depart the United States for settlement in Mexico. Proof of this is the drastic redirecting of the Mexican government's economic, labor, and social policies in the 1930s from an essentially passive view of the responsibility of the state in economic matters to a direct commitment to promote growth.
By 1932 sociologists were estimating that millions of men were on the roads and rails travelling the country. Digital History ID 3448 . The Great Depression had a profound and long lasting impact on Mexico's economy and society. It has one paragraph on “Hispanic Americans” during the Great Depression. This prezi is a brief preview about the Mexican Americans' experience during the Great Depression (1929-1940) During the Great Depression, up to 2 million Mexicans and Mexican-Americans were expelled from the U.S. Research suggests that more than half were U.S.-born citizens. Of the six-sentence paragraph, only two sentences address the deportations.
At the time of the Depression, several hundred thousand people of Mexican ancestry were living in the United States. The Great Depression of the 1930s hit Mexican immigrants especially hard. Rampant job losses caused by the Depression generated anti-Mexican sentiment, which had grown following World War I and had since redoubled with the massive number of Mexicans who immigrated during the mid-1920’s. During the 1930s, a single article on Mexican repatriation from Texas was published; "The Mexicans Go Home" by Edna E. Kelley appeared in the Southwest Review in 1932. Many Mexican industrial workers repatriated voluntarily due to the economic hardship experienced during the Great Depression, while others were forced to leave (Humphrey, 1941). Mexican repatriation during the Great Depression has received more attention. Mexican Americans in the Great Depression Alisa Permessur, Johnny Wang, Tongshu Wen, Allen Mexican Deportation Mexican Lifestyle The Great Depression Welcome Welcome to “Mexican Americans in The Great Depression” exhibit In this exhibit, you will encounter a variety of sources that The “Okies,” as such westward migrants were disparagingly called by their new neighbors, were the most visible group many who were on the move during the Depression, lured by news and rumors of jobs in far flung regions of the country. Along with the job crisis and food shortages that affected all U.S. workers, Mexicans and Mexican Americans had to face an additional threat: deportation. Far fewer are aware that during the Great Depression, the Federal Bureau of Immigration (after 1933, the Immigration and Naturalization Service) and local authorities rounded up Mexican immigrants and naturalized Mexican American citizens and shipped them to Mexico to reduce relief roles. They read: Economic woes and racism drove nearly half a million Mexican immigrants and their American-born children from the United States in the 1930s. MEXICO, GREAT DEPRESSION IN.