Key points about African sleeping sickness.

It is caused by a protozoan, Trypanosoma brucei, which is transmitted to humans through the bite of a tsetse fly (Glossina spp). There is no preventive medication or vaccine against Sleeping Sickness.

Human African trypanosomiasis, also known as sleeping sickness, is a vector-borne parasitic disease.

The only way to prevent the disease is to avoid insect bites. While African sleeping sickness remains a serious public health issue in sub-Saharan Africa, significant progress has been made to fight infections. • African sleeping sickness is a devastating but unfortunately forgotten epidemic that affects tens of thousands of sub-Saharan Africans. It is caused by infection with protozoan parasites belonging to the genus Trypanosoma.They are transmitted to humans by tsetse fly (Glossina genus) bites which have acquired their infection from human beings or from animals harbouring human pathogenic parasites.

The only way to prevent the disease is to avoid insect bites. It is passed on by the bite of the infected tsetse fly. 1). Prevention of African Trypanosomiasis. The only risk factor is travel to parts of Africa where the tsetse fly is found.

Medicine is available to treat it. African sleeping sickness is a disease caused by a parasite. There are two forms of sleeping sickness. African sleeping sickness -transmitted by a vector - tsetse fly -multiplies at the infection sit and then enters the blood and lymphatic system, which carries it to the brain Wear protective clothing, including long-sleeved shirts and pants, since the tsetse flies can’t bite through thick material or fabrics. African sleeping sickness can be prevented by measures aimed at destroying the habitat of the vector, the shade trees, and the other vegetation upon which the tsetse flies rest. The final goal will be the sustainable disease elimination by 2030, defined as the interruption of the transmission of West African trypanosomiasis. Prevention of African Trypanosomiasis. Sleeping sickness is caused by two types of parasites Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense and Trypanosomoa brucei gambiense.T b rhodesiense causes the more severe form of the illness.. Tsetse flies carry the infection. Kennedy PGE.

It is caused by a protozoan, Trypanosoma brucei, which is transmitted to humans through the bite of a tsetse fly (Glossina spp). It is passed on by the bite of the infected tsetse fly. Human African trypanosomiasis or sleeping sickness is one of the most important but equally most neglected tropical infections. There is no preventive medication or vaccine against Sleeping Sickness. African sleeping sickness is a disease caused by a parasite. It is passed on by the bite of the infected tsetse fly. In East African sleeping sickness, CNS signs appear early, presenting in weeks to a month with the two stages merging, whereas West African sleeping sickness has a more gradual onset with CNS symptoms taking months to a year.

Clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment of human African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness).


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