Brackets, dashesand commasindicate parentheses (parentheses is the plural of parenthesis). Add Comment with Commas Use commas before and after clauses that are closely related (description, clarification, or detail) to the main idea. When a parenthetical statement falls at the end of a sentence, the placement of the terminal punctuation depends on whether the words inside the parentheses are a complete sentence. Commas could have been used in the first example; a colon could have been used in the second example.

Thus, commas should be used with parentheses only if the sentence would require a comma without the parentheses. A parenthesis can be separated from the rest of the sentence by commas, dashes, or brackets (all called parentheses).
Use Dashes in Place of a Comma Em dashes can be used in pairs to replaced commas when writing a parenthetical or interruptive phrase.
I’ve enjoyed writing this guide, and—it goes without saying, I suppose—I hope that you, whoever you are, have picked up a trick (or two) to help you along. This is a punctuation lesson on using commas. Parentheses are the quiet whisper of an aside, commas are the conversational voice of a friend walking by your desk, and dashes are the yowl of a pirate dashing into a fray. Example: He gave me a nice bonus ($500). Commas may be placed after the closing parenthesis but not before either the opening or the closing parenthesis. Using Commas and Periods with Parentheses This site addresses a number of punctuation issues, including punctuating with quotation marks, using the semicolon and colon, and deciding when to use the Oxford comma. If material in parentheses ends a sentence, the period goes after the parentheses.

It can function like a comma, parentheses, or colon, but creating subtly different effects in each case. It is also possible to use dashes or parentheses (brackets). The use of parentheses indicates that the writer considered the information less important—almost an afterthought. (Note: The word parenthesesis often used to mean brackets. Here we are focusing specifically on using commas and periods (and other punctuation) with expressions enclosed in parentheses. KS2 English: Inverted commas with Mr Smith After securing the top spot in the Super Movers Teacher Talent Search, Mr Smith's Brain Booster has landed! Therefore, to avoid confusion, you will often see brackets (i.e., parentheses), commas, dashes grouped under the term parenthetical punctuationas opposed to parentheses.) If the words inside the parentheses aren't a complete sentence, the period, question mark, or exclamation point t While the sentence can stand on its own without this information (nonessential), content set-off by commas expresses that the added information is nice-to-know.

(Note: The word parentheses is often used to mean brackets. A parenthesis can be separated from the rest of the sentence by commas, dashes, or brackets (all called parentheses). Commas and parentheses are often used together, but they serve separate purposes within a sentence. (A complete sentence that stands alone in parentheses starts with a capital letter and ends with a stop.) Parenthesisis a word or clause inserted into a text as an afterthought (or as extra information). If the sentence is logically and grammatically complete without the information contained within the parentheses (round brackets), the punctuation stays outside the brackets. In this case, the comma after the close-parenthesis is all right because a comma would be necessary if the parentheses were eliminated.

The use of parentheses indicates that the writer considered the information less important—almost an afterthought. Commas can be used after the setting the scene for a sentence, after transitional phrases, after interjections, before conjunctions, for parentheses, after a long subject, in lists, and with the vocative case. The example below illustrates this point: Peter cleaned his … This grammar lesson offers an explanation on the correct use of commas and gives examples of commas used in sentences.

parentheses. Therefore, to avoid confusion, you will often see brackets (i.e., parentheses), commas, dashes grouped under the term parenthetical punctuation as opposed to parentheses .)

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